A strong angular dependence of magnetic properties of magnetosome chains: Implications for rock magnetism and paleomagnetism

Jinhua Li*, Kunpeng Ge, Yongxin Pan, Wyn Williams, Qingsong Liu, Huafeng Qin

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Single-domain magnetite particles produced by magnetotactic bacteria (magnetosomes) and aligned in chains are of great interest in the biosciences and geosciences. Here, we investigated angular variation of magnetic properties of aligned Magnetospirillum magneticum AMB-1 cells, each of which contains one single fragmental chain of magnetosomes. With measurements at increasing angles from the chain direction, we observed that (i) the hysteresis loop gradually changes from nearly rectangular to a ramp-like shape (e. g., B-c and remanence decrease), (ii) the acquisition and demagnetization curves of IRM shift toward higher fields (e. g., B-cr increases), and (iii) the FORC diagram shifts toward higher coercivity fields (e. g., B-c,(FORC) increases). For low-temperature results, compared to unoriented samples, the samples containing aligned chains have a much lower remanence loss of field-cooled (delta(FC)) and zero-field-cooled (delta(ZFC)) remanence upon warming through the Verwey transition, higher delta-ratio (delta = delta(FC)/delta(ZFC)) for the measurement parallel to the chain direction, and lower delta-ratio, larger delta(FC) and delta(ZFC) values for the perpendicular measurement. Micromagnetic simulations confirm the experimental observations and reveal that the magnetization reversal of magnetosome chain appears to be noncoherent at low angles and coherent at high angles. The simulations also demonstrate that the angular dependence of magnetic properties is related to the dispersion degree of individual chains, indicating that effects of anisotropy need to be accounted for when using rock magnetism to identify magnetosomes or magnetofossils once they have been preserved in aligned chains. Additionally, this study experimentally demonstrates an empirical correspondence of the parameter B-c,(FORC) to B-cr rather than B-c, at least for magnetite chains with strong shape anisotropy. This suggests FORC analysis is a good discriminant of magnetofossils in sediments and rocks.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3887-3907
Number of pages21
JournalGeochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems
Volume14
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2013

Keywords

  • magnetosome chain
  • magnetic property
  • angular dependence
  • magnetic anisotropy
  • rock magnetism
  • paleomagnetism
  • SINGLE-DOMAIN MAGNETITE
  • EOCENE THERMAL MAXIMUM
  • ELEMENT MESH QUALITY
  • ORGANIC-CARBON FLUX
  • MAGNETOTACTIC BACTERIA
  • MAGNETOSPIRILLUM-GRYPHISWALDENSE
  • FERROMAGNETIC-RESONANCE
  • BIOGENIC MAGNETITE
  • MAGNETOCRYSTALLINE ANISOTROPY
  • JACOBIAN MATRIX

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