A Study of Sojourn Time for Indoor LiFi Cellular Networks

Mohammad Dehghani Soltani, Zhihong Zeng, Hossein Kazemi, Cheng Chen, Harald Haas, Majid Safari

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


Sojourn time is an important parameter in the analysis and design of mobile cellular networks. It shows the expected time that a user equipment (UE) remains connected to the serving access point (AP) while moving in the network, i.e. stays within one cell. Therefore, an accurate estimation of the sojourn time is an essential element for mobility management. In this study, an analysis of the sojourn time for indoor light-fidelity (LiFi) cellular networks is presented based on the random waypoint (RWP) mobility model. It is initially assumed that the UE is oriented vertically upward and closed-form analytical expressions are derived. Monte-Carlo simulations are also provided to validate the analytical derivations and to gain more insight into the performance with different orientations. It is shown that the sojourn time mainly varies depending on the speed of the user. However, other factors such as the device orientation and the coverage area of cells also play a role in determining the sojourn time. The results offer several insights and design guidelines in consideration of this parameter for indoor LiFi networks.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationIEEE International Symposium on Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications (PIMRC)
Place of PublicationIstanbul, Turkey
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
Number of pages6
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 21 Nov 2019
EventIEEE International Symposium on Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications (PIMRC) - Istanbul Congress Center (ICC), Istanbul, Turkey
Duration: 8 Sep 201911 Sep 2019


ConferenceIEEE International Symposium on Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications (PIMRC)
Abbreviated titleIEEE PIMRC 2019
Internet address


  • Sojourn time
  • light-fidelity (LiFi)
  • handover
  • random waypoint (RWP)

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