A STUDY OF THE HINGE-BENDING MECHANISM OF YEAST 3-PHOSPHOGLYCERATE KINASE

D T F DRYDEN, P G VARLEY, R H PAIN, David Dryden

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

The hinge-bending mechanism proposed as part of the catalytic mechanism for phosphoglycerate kinase (PGK) has been investigated using yeast PGK and the site-directed mutant [H388Q]PGK, where His388 is replaced by Gln. The emission and quenching of fluorescence, supported by the aromatic CD band, show that the mutation in the waist region affects the tryptophan environment in the C-terminal domain. The mutant is also less stable to guanidine denaturation and less cooperative in its unfolding.

The effect of substrates on the conformation of PGK was studied using 8-anilino-1-naphthalenesulphonic acid (ANS), a competitive inhibitor of ATP binding to the C-terminal domain, and 8-{2-[(iodoacetyl)ethyl]amino}naphthalene (I-AEDANS), attached to Cys197 on the N-terminal domain. Under the influence of substrates the novel anisotropy decay curves for ANS indicate a 1-5-degrees change in the orientation of the probe, interpreted as a small reorientation of the domains about the waist region. The experimental data are interpreted as a small swivelling of the domains about the waist region under the influence of substrate. The results with AEDANS anisotropy decay are consistent with those for ANS.

The enzyme activity of PGK shows a break in the Arrhenius plot at 20-degrees-C mirrored by a break in the temperature dependence of tryptophan ellipticity. This is interpreted as a change in protein dynamics associated with destabilisation of the waist region. This destabilisation is shown to have already taken place in the mutant enzyme and in the wild type at pH 5.6, both of which exhibit linear Arrhenius plots. NMR titration curves show that the pH effect must be due to a group other than histidine.

The results give further support to the permissive model of hinge bending previously proposed by one of the authors, in which binding of substrate destabilises the waist region. This loosens the hinge which can then swing slightly to bring the domains closer together to make favourable interactions between the domains and the substrates, with the exclusion of water.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)115-123
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Journal of Biochemistry
Volume208
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 15 Aug 1992

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