A survey of dry cow management on UK commercial dairy farms

Mayumi Fujiwara, Marie J. Haskell, Alastair Macrae, Kenny Rutherford

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Dry period management of the dairy cow focuses on maximising milk production during the subsequent lactation but may include procedures that negatively affect dry cow health and welfare. A survey of dairy farmers in the United Kingdom (UK) was conducted to investigate dry cow management procedures. The questionnaire was completed by 148 farmers. Most farms (84%) kept dry cows in dynamic social groups. The median length of the dry period was 56 days, and 83% of farms stopped milking abruptly, regardless of milk production level at dry-off. Twenty-seven percent of cows from respondent farms produced more than 20kg of milk per day at dry-off. The majority of farms (78%) used antibiotic dry cow intramammary tubes at dry-off in combination with internal or external teat sealants. Procedures that were commonly practised and potentially stressful for dry cows included abrupt cessation of milking of high yielding cows and frequent changes in diet and social environment.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages8
JournalVeterinary Record
Issue number9
Early online date15 Jun 2018
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 15 Jun 2018


  • dry cow management
  • dry-off procedure
  • grouping strategy
  • feeding
  • housing systems
  • stress


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