A systematic review and meta-analysis of 18F-labeled amyloid imaging in Alzheimer’s disease

Jing Ming Yeo, Briony Waddell, Zubair Khan, Suvankar Pal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background
Amyloid imaging using fluorine 18–labeled tracers florbetapir, florbetaben, and flutemetamol has recently been reported in Alzheimer's disease (AD).
Methods
We systematically searched MEDLINE and EMBASE for relevant studies published from January 1980 to March 2014. Studies comparing imaging findings in AD and normal controls (NCs) were pooled in a meta-analysis, calculating pooled weighted sensitivity, specificity, and diagnostic odds ratio (OR) using the DerSimonian-Laird random-effects model.
Results
Nineteen studies, investigating 682 patients with AD, met inclusion criteria. Meta-analysis demonstrated a sensitivity of 89.6%, a specificity of 87.2%, and an OR of 91.7 for florbetapir in differentiating AD patients from NCs, and a sensitivity of 89.3%, a specificity of 87.6%, and a diagnostic OR of 69.9 for florbetaben. There were insufficient data to complete analyses for flutemetamol.
Conclusions
Results suggest favorable sensitivity and specificity of amyloid imaging with fluorine 18–labeled tracers in AD. Prospective studies are required to determine optimal imaging analysis methods and resolve outstanding clinical uncertainties.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5-13
Number of pages9
JournalAlzheimer's & Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment & Disease Monitoring
Volume1
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2015

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