A tempest in a ladle: Debate about the roles of general and specific abilities in predicting important outcomes

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Abstract

The debate about the roles of general and specific abilities in predicting important outcomes is a tempest in a ladle because we cannot measure abilities without also measuring skills. And skills always develop through exposure, are specific rather than general, and executed using different strategies by different people, thus tapping varied specific abilities. Relative predictive validities of measurement formats depends on purpose: the more general and long-term the purpose, the better the more general measure. The more specific and immediate the purpose, the better the closely related specific measure.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Intelligence
Volume6
Issue number2
Early online date19 Apr 2018
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 19 Apr 2018

Keywords

  • general cognitive ability
  • specific cognitive abilities
  • academic achievement
  • job performance
  • occupational attainment
  • health
  • longevity
  • situational specificity

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