Traditional imaging algorithms within the ultrasonic non-destructive testing community typically assume that the material being inspected is primarily homogeneous, with heterogeneities only at sub-wavelength scales. When the medium is of a more generally heterogeneous nature, this assumption can contribute to the poor detection, sizing and characterisation of defects. Prior knowledge of the varying wave speeds within the component would allow more accurate imaging of defects, leading to better decisions about how to treat the damaged component. This work endeavours to reconstruct the inhomogeneous wave speed maps of random media from simulated ultrasonic phased array data. This is achieved via application of the reversible-jump Markov chain Monte Carlo method: a sampling-based approach within a Bayesian framework. The inverted maps are used in conjunction with an imaging algorithm to correct for deviations in the wave speed, and the reconstructed flaw images are then used to quantitatively assess the success of this methodology. Using full matrix capture data arising from a finite element simulation of a phased array inspection of a heterogeneous component, a six-fold improvement in flaw location is achieved by taking into account the reconstructed wave speed map which exploits almost no a priori knowledge of the material's internal structure. Receiver operating characteristic curves are then calculated to demonstrate the enhanced probability of detection achieved when the material speed map is accounted for.
|Publication status||Published - 29 Jun 2018|