A whole-genome scan for quantitative trait loci affecting teat number in pigs

H Hirooka, D J de Koning, B Harlizius, J A van Arendonk, A P Rattink, M A Groenen, E W Brascamp, H Bovenhuis

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A whole-genome scan was conducted using 132 microsatellite markers to identify chromosomal regions that have an effect on teat number. For this purpose, an experimental cross between Chinese Meishan pigs and five commercial Dutch pig lines was used. Linkage analyses were performed using interval mapping by regression under line cross models including a test for imprinting effects. The whole-genome scan revealed highly significant evidence for three quantitative trait loci (QTL) affecting teat number, of which two were imprinted. Paternally expressed (i.e., maternally imprinted) QTL were found on chromosomes 2 and 12. A Mendelian expressed QTL was found on chromosome 10. The estimated additive effects showed that, for the QTL on chromosomes 10 and 12, the Meishan allele had a positive effect on teat number, but, for the QTL on chromosome 2, the Meishan allele had a negative effect on teat number. This study shows that imprinting may play an important role in the expression of teat number.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2320-6
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Animal Science
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2001


  • Animals
  • Crosses, Genetic
  • Female
  • Gene Expression
  • Genetic Linkage
  • Genome
  • Genomic Imprinting
  • Male
  • Mammary Glands, Animal
  • Microsatellite Repeats
  • Multifactorial Inheritance
  • Quantitative Trait, Heritable
  • Swine


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