ABC of arterial and venous disease. Vascular complications of diabetes

R. Donnelly, A. M. Emslie-Smith*, I. D. Garnder, A. D. Morris

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Adults with diabetes have an annual mortality of about 5.4% (double the rate for non-diabetic adults), and their life expectancy is decreased on average by 5.10 years. Although the increased death rate is mainly due to cardiovascular disease, deaths from non-cardiovascular causes are also increased. A diagnosis of diabetes immediately increases the risk of developing various clinical complications that are largely irreversible and due to microvascular or macrovascular disease. Duration of diabetes is an important factor in the pathogenesis of complications, but other risk factors - for example, hypertension, cigarette smoking, and hypercholesterolaemia - interact with diabetes to affect the clicinal course of microangiopathy and macroangiopathy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1062-1066
Number of pages5
JournalBritish Medical Journal
Issue number7241
Publication statusPublished - 15 Apr 2000


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