Abdominal Adipose Tissue and Insulin Resistance: The Role of Ethnicity

Danijela Gasevic*, Simi Kohli, Nadia Khan, Scott A. Lear

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Given the increase in ethnic diversity worldwide, and especially in high-income countries such as Australia, Canada, the United Kingdom, and the United States, there has been significant interest in exploring the ethnic differences in disease risk factors and chronic diseases. This chapter summarizes the ethnic differences in abdominal adipose tissue distribution, devoting particular attention to subcutaneous and visceral adipose tissue. Additionally, this chapter reviews ethnic differences in the prevalence of insulin resistance and in the association between abdominal adipose tissue and insulin resistance. Ethnic groups reviewed include, but are not limited to, African-Americans, Europeans, East and South Asians, and Hispanics. Despite the challenges in ethnicity research such as the lack of standardized methods for assessing ethnicity, the comprehensive assessment of ethnicity may shed more light on the mechanisms underlying ethnic differences in disease risk factors and diseases, and guide the development and implementation of targeted disease prevention and treatment strategies.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationNUTRITION IN THE PREVENTION AND TREATMENT OF ABDOMINAL OBESITY
EditorsRR Watson
Place of PublicationLONDON
PublisherACADEMIC PRESS LTD-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Chapter12
Pages125-140
Number of pages16
ISBN (Print)978-0-12-407869-7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Mar 2014

Keywords

  • BODY-FAT DISTRIBUTION
  • CORONARY-HEART-DISEASE
  • INCIDENT CARDIOVASCULAR EVENTS
  • NUTRITION EXAMINATION SURVEY
  • IMPAIRED FASTING GLUCOSE
  • HORMONE-BINDING GLOBULIN
  • ARTERY RISK DEVELOPMENT
  • SOUTH-AFRICAN WOMEN
  • ASIAN INDIAN ADULTS
  • TREATMENT PANEL-III

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