Absence of hepatitis C virus transmission but frequent transmission of HIV-1 from sexual contact with doubly-infected individuals

R Wyld, J R Robertson, R P Brettle, J Mellor, L Prescott, P Simmonds

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is transmitted through infected blood and blood products, but evidence of other routes of transmission is less clearly understood. In a study designed to examine human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) transmission, the prevalence of HCV has also been measured. Sixty-one couples were analysed, 30 in which partners were at risk through sexual contact alone, of whom 12 (40%) became infected with HIV and none with HCV. Thirty-one partners were exposed sexually and additionally through intravenous drug use. Of these, 16 (52%) became infected with HIV and 25 (80%) contracted HCV infection. These findings support the evidence of others that HCV is only rarely transmitted by sexual intercourse in heterosexual relationships and that HIV is not a co-factor for HCV transmission.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)163-6
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Infection
Volume35
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1997

Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Disease Transmission, Infectious
  • Female
  • HIV Infections
  • HIV-1
  • Hepacivirus
  • Hepatitis C
  • Humans
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Male
  • Sexually Transmitted Diseases
  • Spouses

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