Accelerator mass spectrometry measurements of the 13C(n,γ)14C and 14N(n,p)14C cross sections

A. Wallner, M. Bichler, K. Buczak, I. Dillmann, F. Kaeppeler, A. Karakas, C. Lederer, M. Lugaro, K. Mair, A. Mengoni, G. Schaetzel, P. Steier, H. P. Trautvetter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The technique of accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS), offering a complementary tool for sensitive studies of key reactions in nuclear astrophysics, was applied for measurements of the C-13(n,gamma)C-14 and the N-14(n,p)C-14 cross sections, which act as a neutron poison in s-process nucleosynthesis. Solid samples were irradiated at Karlsruhe Institute of Technology with neutrons closely resembling a Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution for kT = 25 keV, and also at higher energies between En = 123 and 182 keV. After neutron irradiation the produced amount of C-14 in the samples was measured by AMS at the Vienna Environmental Research Accelerator (VERA) facility. For both reactions the present results provide important improvements compared to previous experimental data, which were strongly discordant in the astrophysically relevant energy range and missing for the comparably strong resonances above 100 keV. For C-13(n,gamma) we find a four times smaller cross section around kT = 25 keV than a previous measurement. For N-14(n,p), the present data suggest two times lower cross sections between 100 and 200 keV than had been obtained in previous experiments and data evaluations. The effect of the new stellar cross sections on the s process in low-mass asymptotic giant branch stars was studied for stellar models of 2 M-circle dot initial mass, and solar and 1/10th solar metallicity.

Original languageEnglish
Article number045803
JournalPhysical Review C
Volume93
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 11 Apr 2016

Keywords

  • GIANT BRANCH STARS
  • METAL-POOR STARS
  • NEUTRON-CAPTURE
  • S-PROCESS
  • STELLAR ENERGIES
  • LOW METALLICITY
  • NUCLEAR-DATA
  • C-13 POCKET
  • AGB STARS
  • NUCLEOSYNTHESIS

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