ACEs, places and inequality: Understanding the effects of adverse childhood experiences and poverty on offending in childhood

Babak Jahanshahi, Kath Murray, Susan McVie

Research output: Contribution to journalLiterature reviewpeer-review

Abstract

Over the last three decades, an extensive body of research evidence has emerged on the relationship between adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and a range of negative outcomes, including offending. Using data from a Scottish child cohort study this paper seeks to better understand how both ACEs and material deprivation influence childhood offending. We show that while the number of ACEs is a strong predictor of childhood offending, certain types of childhood adversity are of greater importance than others. We also find that living in persistent poverty at the neighbourhood level remains a key predictor of childhood offending, but there are complex interactions between poverty and ACEs that should be considered in developing policy responses.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberazab079
Pages (from-to)1-22
Number of pages22
JournalBritish Journal of Criminology
Early online date2 Sep 2021
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2 Sep 2021

Keywords

  • childhood offending
  • adverse childhood experiences
  • poverty
  • neighbourhood deprivation
  • inequality

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