Sleep-related problems are common in Parkinson's disease (PD) and may occur due to the disease process, alteration in sleep architecture or nocturnal motor problems such as akinesia and dystonia. Neuropsychiatric problems and nocturia can also cause significant sleep disruption in PD. Poor sleep may lead to daytime consequences such as excessive daytime sleepiness or fatigue. As there are no PD-specific sleep scales, we have devised a simple visual analogue scale - the Parkinson's disease sleep scale (PDSS) which is aimed at formal quantification of various aspects of nocturnal sleep disturbance in PD. In this paper, we discuss the development of this scale, its clinical use and how the scale could be used to devise targeted treatment strategies for nocturnal problems in PD.
- Epworth sleepiness scale
- Nocturnal disability
- Parkinson's disease
- Parkinson's disease sleep scale