Achieving Arbitrary Signals Transmission Using a Single Radio Frequency Chain

Lin Zhou, Fahd Ahmed Khan, Tharmalingam Ratnarajah, Constantinos B. Papadias

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

Electronically steerable parasitic array radiator (ESPAR) antenna has been proposed to obtain multiple antenna functionality with only a single radio frequency (RF) chain. However, for some signals, the input resistance of the ESPAR antenna (EA) becomes negative. A negative input resistance would lead to oscillatory/unstable behavior of an EA to transmit signals. In this work, we address this issue of an EA by obtaining approximate signals for transmission, which are close to the ideal signals in the mean-squared-error (MSE) sense, and satisfy the requirement that the input resistance is positive. Specifically, we formulate and solve an optimization problem to minimize the MSE between the ideal and the approximate signals taking into account the constraint on the input resistance. Closed-form expressions to calculate the approximate signal vector from ideal signal vector are also obtained, resulting in simplified processing at the transmitter. We denote the EA utilizing the novel closed-form expressions as EA with preprocessing (EA-P) and the EA without any preprocessing as the standard EA (EA-S). The performance of EA-P is compared with the performance of EA-S and the standard multiple antenna system, with multiple RF chains, under various communication scenarios. Our simulations show that the performance of EA-S significantly degrades compared with the standard multiple antenna system and an error floor is obtained. However, using the proposed EA-P scheme, the error floor is avoided and nearly the same performance as that of the standard multiple antenna system is achieved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4865-4878
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE Transactions on Communications
Volume63
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 17 Dec 2015

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • a single RF chain
  • ESPAR
  • MIMO transmission
  • Optimization
  • Reconfigurable antenna

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