Acoustic correlates of plosive voicing in Madurese

Misnadin, James Kirby

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

Madurese, a Malayo-Polynesian language of Indonesia, is of interest both areally and typologically: it is described as having a three-way laryngeal contrast between voiced, voiceless unaspirated, and voiceless aspirated plosives, along with a strict phonotactic restriction on consonant voicing-vowel height sequences. An acoustic analysis of Madurese consonants and vowels obtained from the recordings of 15 speakers is presented to assess whether its voiced and aspirated plosives might share acoustic properties indicative of a shared articulatory gesture. Although voiced and voiceless aspirated plosives in word-initial position pattern together in terms of several spectral balance measures, these are most likely due to the following vowel quality, rather than aspects of a shared laryngeal configuration. Conversely, the voiceless (aspirated and unaspirated) plosives share multiple acoustic properties, including F0 trajectories and overlapping voicing lag time distributions, suggesting that they share a glottal aperture target. The implications of these findings for the typology of laryngeal contrasts and the historical evolution of the Madurese consonant-vowel co-occurrence restriction are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2779-2790
JournalThe Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 30 Apr 2020

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • categorization
  • coherence
  • communicative goals
  • coordination
  • labeling


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