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Speech recognition systems normally use handcrafted pronunciation lexicons designed by linguistic experts. Building and maintaining such a lexicon is expensive and time consuming. This paper concerns automatically learning a pronunciation lexicon for speech recognition. We assume the availability of a small seed lexicon and then learn the pronunciations of new words directly from speech that is transcribed at word-level. We present two implementations for refining the putative pronunciations of new words based on acoustic evidence. The first one is an expectation maximization (EM) algorithm based on weighted finite state transducers (WFSTs) and the other is its Viterbi approximation. We carried out experiments on the Switchboard corpus of conversational telephone speech. The expert lexicon has a size of more than 30,000 words, from which we randomly selected 5,000 words to form the seed lexicon. By using the proposed lexicon learning method, we have significantly improved the accuracy compared with a lexicon learned using a grapheme-to-phoneme transformation, and have obtained a word error rate that approaches that achieved using a fully handcrafted lexicon.
|Title of host publication||Automatic Speech Recognition and Understanding (ASRU), 2013 IEEE Workshop on|
|Publisher||Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)|
|Publication status||Published - 2013|