Active beta-amyloid immunization restores spatial learning in PDAPP mice displaying very low levels of beta-amyloid

Guiquan Chen, Karen S Chen, Dione Kobayashi, Robin Barbour, Ruth Motter, Dora Games, Stephen J Martin, Richard G M Morris

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The behavioral and biochemical impact of active immunization against human beta-amyloid (Abeta) was assessed using male transgenic (Tg) mice overexpressing a human mutant amyloid precursor protein (heterozygous PDAPP mice) and littermate controls. Administration of aggregated Abeta42 occurred at monthly intervals from 7 months ("prevention") or 11 months ("reversal"), followed by double-blind behavioral training at 16 months on a cued task, then serial spatial learning in a water maze. Using a 2 x 2 design, with Abeta42 adjuvanted with MPL-AF (adjuvant formulation of monophosphoryl lipid A) or MPL-AF alone, PDAPP mice were impaired compared with non-Tg littermates on two separate measures of serial spatial learning. Immunization caused no overall rescue of learning but limited the accumulation of total Abeta and Abeta42 levels in cortex and hippocampus by up to 60%. In immunized PDAPP mice, significant negative correlations were observed between hippocampal and cortical Abeta levels and learning capacity, particularly in the prevention study, and correlations between learning capacity and antibody titer. Moreover, a subset of PDAPP mice with very low Abeta levels (hippocampal Abeta levels of
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2654-62
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Neuroscience
Volume27
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007

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