Adaptable energy management system for smart buildings

Ilaria Salerno, Miguel F Anjos, Ken I M McKinnon, J.A. Gómez-Herrera

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

This paper presents a novel adaptable energy management system (EMS) for smart buildings. In this framework we model the energy consumption of a living unit, and its energy exchanges with the surroundings. A unit is a
well delimited space inside a building, for which the information on electrical consumption is known. We assume that the unit has no energy exchanges with its neighbors. Examples of units are a household, an office, a restaurant or a gym. We explicitly consider the impact of the outside environment and design features such as building orientation, automatic shading, and double façade. We formulate this problem as a nonlinear optimization model in which the living unit minimizes a performance function subject to the energy flows from and
toward the unit as well as the building-specific features. It is solved using off-the-shelf solvers. We present
computational experiments to validate the proposed approach, considering different objective functions and
several building configurations. The experiments show that our approach enhances the unit’s performance and
also provides demand flexibility for the grid. We demonstrate that for heating a unit in Montreal, Canada, there
are periods where the EMS alone can lower the electricity cost by up to 26% and the energy consumption by up
to 14%. If the EMS is combined with smart design features, the electricity cost of heating can be lowered by up to
35%, the cost of cooling by up to 97%, and the energy consumption by up to 49%.
Original languageEnglish
Article number102748
Number of pages37
JournalJournal of Building Engineering
Early online date28 May 2021
Publication statusPublished - 31 Dec 2021


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