Adaptive High-Speed Processor Simulation

Nigel Topham, Björn Franke, Daniel Jones, Daniel Powell

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)peer-review

Abstract

Instruction set simulators are essential tools in all forms of microprocessor design; simulators play a key role in activities ranging from ASIP design-space exploration to hardware–software co-verification and software development. Simulation speed is the primary concern when functional simulators are used as CPU emulators for software development. Conversely, the ability to measure performance is of critical importance during the exploratory phases of co-design, whereas the ability to use a simulator as a golden reference model is important for hardware–software co-verification. A key challenge is to provide the highest level of performance, for the different observability and performance measuring demands of each use-case. In this chapter, we describe an adaptive simulator designed to meet these diverse requirements. Adaptation takes two forms: first, the simulator has a high-speed JIT compilation capability allowing it to be extended dynamically according to simulated program behavior; and second, it is able to learn how to model the timing behavior of the target processor and thereby deliver approximate performance figures with very low overhead. The simulator maintains a precise model of the architectural state of the processor it simulates, enabling it to be used also as a back-end target for a debugger, to assist in software development, as well as providing a Golden Reference Model to a co-simulation environment. Through the use of these performance-enhancing dynamic adaptations, the simulator is capable of simulating an embedded system at speeds approaching, or even exceeding, real time.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProcessor and System-on-Chip Simulation
EditorsRainer Leupers, Olivier Temam
PublisherSpringer US
Pages145-159
Number of pages15
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-4419-6175-4
ISBN (Print)978-1-4419-6174-7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

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