Addition of hyaluronic acid to the FIB-4 liver fibrosis score improves prediction of incident cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma in Type 2 diabetes: The Edinburgh Type 2 Diabetes Study

Sheila Grecian, Stela McLachlan, Jonathan A Fallowfield, Peter Clive Hayes, Indra Neil Guha, Joanne R Morling, Stephen Glancy, Rachel M Williamson, Rebecca M Reynolds, Brian M Frier, Nicola N Zammitt, Jacqueline F. Price, Mark W. J. Strachan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Type 2 diabetes is associated with increased risk of progression to cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in people with chronic liver diseases, particularly non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). However, the absolute risk of progression is low so it is crucial to accurately identify patients who would benefit most from hepatology referral and intensified management. Current risk-stratification tools are sub-optimal and perform worse in people with diabetes.
Aims: To determine whether the addition of complementary biomarker(s) to current NAFLD risk-stratification tools in people with Type 2 diabetes could improve the identification of people who are at increased risk of developing incident cirrhosis or HCC.
Methods: The Edinburgh Type 2 diabetes Study (ET2DS) is a cohort study of men and women with Type 2 diabetes (n=1066, age 60-75 at baseline). Cases of cirrhosis and HCC were identified over 11-years of follow-up. Biomarkers were measured at baseline and year one and association with incident disease assessed using logistic regression.
Results: Of existing risk-stratification scores tested, the Fibrosis-4 (FIB-4) index and the AST:platelet ratio index (APRI) performed best in this cohort. Addition of hyaluronic acid (cut-point ≥50g/L) to FIB-4 (cut-point ≥1.3) maintained a false negative rate ≤25% and reduced the number of people incorrectly identified as ‘high-risk’ for incident disease by ~50%.
Conclusions: The addition of hyaluronic acid to FIB-4 reduced the proportion of people inappropriately identified as ‘high-risk’ for development of cirrhosis/HCC in a community population of otherwise asymptomatic people with Type 2 diabetes. These findings require validation in independent cohorts.
Original languageEnglish
JournalObesity Science & Practice
Early online date16 Feb 2021
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 16 Feb 2021

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Addition of hyaluronic acid to the FIB-4 liver fibrosis score improves prediction of incident cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma in Type 2 diabetes: The Edinburgh Type 2 Diabetes Study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this