Adenoviral E1A primes alveolar epithelial cells to PM(10)-induced transcription of interleukin-8.

Peter S Gilmour, Irfan Rahman, Shizu Hayashi, James C Hogg, Ken Donaldson, William Macnee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The presence of the adenoviral early region 1A (E1A) protein in human lungs has been associated with an increased risk of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), possibly by a mechanism involving amplification of proinflammatory responses. We hypothesize that enhanced inflammation results from increased transcription factor activation in E1A-carrying cells, which may afford susceptibility to environmental particulate matter < 10 microm (PM(10))-mediated oxidative stress. We measured interleukin (IL)-8 mRNA expression and protein release in human alveolar epithelial cells (A549) transfected with the E1A gene (E1A+ve). Both E1A+ve and -ve cells released IL-8 after incubation with TNF-alpha, but only E1A+ve cells were sensitive to LPS stimulation in IL-8 mRNA expression and protein release. E1A+ve cells showed an enhanced IL-8 mRNA and protein response after treatment with H(2)O(2) and PM(10). E1A-enhanced induction of IL-8 was accompanied by increases in activator protein-1 and nuclear factor-kappa B nuclear binding in E1A+ve cells, which also showed higher basal nuclear binding of these transcription factors. These data suggest that the presence of E1A primes the cell transcriptional machinery for oxidative stress signaling and therefore facilitates amplification of proinflammatory responses. By this mechanism, susceptibility to exacerbation of COPD in response to particulate air pollution may occur in individuals harboring E1A.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)L598-606
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2001


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