ADF and Cofilin1 Control Actin Stress Fibers, Nuclear Integrity, and Cell Survival

George Kanellos, Jing Zhou, Hitesh Patel, Rachel A. Ridgway, David Huels, Christine B. Gurniak, Emma Sandilands, Neil O. Carragher, Owen J. Sansom, Walter Witke, Valerie G. Brunton, Margaret C. Frame

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

Genetic co-depletion of the actin-severing proteins ADF and CFL1 triggers catastrophic loss of adult homeostasis in multiple tissues. There is impaired cell-cell adhesion in skin keratinocytes with dysregulation of E-cadherin, hyperproliferation of differentiated cells, and ultimately apoptosis. Mechanistically, the primary consequence of depleting both ADF and CFL1 is uncontrolled accumulation of contractile actin stress fibers associated with enlarged focal adhesions at the plasma membrane, as well as reduced rates of membrane protrusions. This generates increased intracellular acto-myosin tension that promotes nuclear deformation and physical disruption of the nuclear lamina via the LINC complex that normally connects regulated actin filaments to the nuclear envelope. We therefore describe a pathway involving the actin-severing proteins ADF and CFL1 in regulating the dynamic turnover of contractile actin stress fibers, and this is vital to prevent the nucleus from being damaged by actin contractility, in turn preserving cell survival and tissue homeostasis.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1949–1964
JournalCell Reports
Issue number9
Early online date19 Nov 2015
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2015


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