Adjustment Factors and Genetic Evaluation for Somatic Cell Score and Relationships with Other Traits of Canadian Holsteins

WC ZHANG, JCM DEKKERS, G BANOS, EB BURNSIDE

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Test day SCC records were obtained from the Ontario DHI and converted to somatic cell score using a logarithmic transformation. Adjustment factors for stage of lactation and calendar month were obtained for first and later lactations. Effects of stage of lactation were significant and followed a systematic pattern. Seasonal effects were small. Sire estimated breeding values for lactation mean adjusted test day somatic cell scores were obtained from an animal model based on first, later, and all lactations, assuming a heritability of .11 and repeatability of .27. Mean accuracy of estimated breeding values for sires with at least 30 daughters was .64 for first lactation, .76 for second to fifth, and .86 for all lactations. Genetic trends for somatic cell score were not significant. The correlation of breeding values estimated from first lactations with estimates based on later lactations was .62 for sires with at least 50 daughters, which resulted in an approximate genetic correlation of .72. Correlations of sire estimated breeding values for somatic cell score from first lactation with estimated breeding values for milk, fat, protein, fat percentage, protein percentage, and milking speed were .12, .05, .11, -.09, -.02, and .20. Coffelations between sire estimated breeding values for somatic cell score and type traits were generally small, but favorable with mammary system, -.13, and fore udder, -.16, and unfavorable with dairy character, .24. Somatic cell score should be considered as an auxiliary trait in dairy cattle breeding programs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)659-665
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Dairy Science
Volume77
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1994

Keywords

  • LACTATION
  • TEAT
  • ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS
  • GENETIC EVALUATION
  • PARAMETERS
  • MILK-YIELD
  • STATISTICS
  • MODEL
  • MASTITIS
  • HERITABILITIES
  • COWS
  • COUNTS
  • SOMATIC CELL COUNT

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