Adolescent Relationship Violence and Acculturation Among NYC Latinos

Melissa Dupont-Reyes, Deborah Fry, Vaughn Rickert, Leslie L. Davidson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Acculturation has been shown to positively and negatively affect Latino health. Little research investigates the overlap between acculturation and the different types of relationship violence among Latino youth and most research in this area predominantly involves Mexican-American samples. The current study examined associations between indices of acculturation (language use at home, chosen survey language, and nativity) and relationship physical violence and sexual coercion, both received and delivered, among predominantly Dominican and Puerto Rican adolescents from New York City. From 2006 to 2007, 1,454 adolescents aged 13-21 years in New York City completed an anonymous survey that included the Conflict in Adolescent Relationships Inventory which estimates experiences of physical violence and sexual coercion, both received and delivered, in the previous year. This analysis includes bivariate and multivariate methods to test the associations between language use at home, chosen survey language, and nativity with the different types of relationship violence. Among females, there is a significant association between language use at home and overall level of acculturation with delivering and receiving relationship physical violence; however, we did not find this association in delivering and receiving relationship sexual coercion. We found no association between acculturation and any type of relationship violence among males. Among Latina females, language spoken at home is an indicator of other protective factors of physical relationship violence. Future research in this area should explore the potential protective factors surrounding relationship violence among Latina females of various subgroups using comprehensive measures of acculturation, household composition and family engagement.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages10
JournalMaternal and child health journal
Early online date2 Dec 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • relationship violence
  • dating violence
  • acculturation
  • Latinos
  • youth
  • adolescents
  • language use

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