Adoptive gay father families: A longitudinal study of children’s adjustment at early adolescence

Anja L. McConnachie*, Nadia Ayed, Sarah Foley, Michael E. Lamb, Vasanti Jadva, Fiona Tasker, Susan Golombok

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

Findings are presented from the second phase of a UK longitudinal study of 33 gay father, 35 lesbian mother, and 43 heterosexual parent families when their adopted children reached early adolescence. Participants predominantly lived in urban/suburban areas and were mostly white and well-educated. Standardized interviews, observations, and questionnaires of parental mental health, parent–child relationships, and adolescent adjustment were administered to parents, children, and teachers between 2016 and 2018. There were few differences between family types. However, adjustment problems had increased in all family types, with better parenting quality and parental mental health associated with fewer adjustment problems. The findings contribute to adoption policy and practice, and to theoretical understanding of the role of parental gender in child development.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)425-443
Number of pages19
JournalChild Development
Issue number1
Early online date3 Sept 2020
Publication statusPublished - 25 Jan 2021


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