Adult and Child Obesity

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Between 1995 and 2010, the proportion of adults aged 16-64 who were overweight or obese ( BMI of 25 kg/m 2 and over) increased from 52.4% to 63.3%. The equivalent figures were 55.6% and 66.1% for men, and 47.2% and 60.3% for women. There has also been a steady upward trend in the prevalence of obesity ( BMI of 30 kg/m 2 and over) in adults aged 16-64, from 17.2% in 1995 to 27.4% in 2010 (15.9% and 26.6% for men, and 17.3% and 28.1%, for women). Most of these increases occurred in the 1995-2008 period, as the 2008, 2009 and 2010 figures were very similar. Morbid obesity rates ( BMI 40kg/m 2 or more) in adults aged 16-64 increased from 1.2% in 1995 to 2.7% in 2003, and fluctuated between 2.2% and 2.7% between 2008 and 2010. Mean BMI has also increased over time from 25.8 kg/m 2 $1in 1995 to 27.4 kg/m 2 $1in 2010 among adults aged 16-64. In 2010, 65.1% of all adults aged 16 and over were overweight or obese. Men were more likely than women to be overweight or obese (67.8% versus 62.4%). 28.2% of adults aged 16 and over in 2010 were obese. The figures were similar for men (27.4%) and women (28.9%). Obesity increased significantly with age, from 13.3% in those aged 16-24 to a peak of 38.3% in those aged 55-64. The combined prevalence of overweight and obese was also lowest in adults aged 16-24 (33.8%) and highest (77.9%) for those aged 55-64. In 2010, 29.9% of children (31.1% of boys and 28.5% of girls) were overweight or obese. 15.6% of children aged 2-15 were overweight (>=85 th percentile and <95 th percentile), 7.4% obese (>=95 th percentile and <98 th percentile), and 6.9% morbidly obese ( BMI >=98 th percentile). 32.5% of children had a BMI outwith the healthy range (<=5 th percentile or >=85 th percentile). The proportions of boys (34.0%) and girls (30.9%) with a BMI outside the healthy range were not significantly different. The proportion of children with a BMI outwith the healthy range increased with age, from 28.7% of children aged 2-6, to 33.4% of those aged 7-11 and 35.7% of those aged 12-15. The proportion of girls with a BMI outwith the healthy range, or who were overweight/obese, did not vary significantly between 1998 and 2010. The prevalence of overweight/obesity and BMI outwith the healthy range among boys has fluctuated over the years. Prevalence peaked in 2008, followed by a decline in 2009 and a slight increase again in 2010.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Scottish Health Survey 2009
PublisherScottish Government
Chapter7
Pages251-271
ISBN (Print)978-0-7559-9618-6
Publication statusPublished - 2010

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