Advances in electroanalysis, sensing and monitoring in molten salts

Damion Corrigan, Justin Elliott, Ewen Blair, Simon Reeves, Ilka Schmueser, Anthony Walton, Andrew Mount

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

Microelectrodes have a number of advantages over macroelectrodes for quantitative electroanalysis and monitoring, including reduced iR drop, high signal to noise and reduced sensitivity to convection. Their use in molten salts has been generally precluded by the combined materials challenges of stresses associated with thermalcycling and physical and corrosive chemical degradation at the relatively high temperatures involved. We have shown that microfabrication, employing high precision photolithographic patterning in combination with the controlled deposition of materials, can be used to successfully address these challenges. The resulting molten salt compatible microelectrodes (MSMs) enable prolonged quantitative microelectrode measurements in molten salts (MSs). This paper reports the fabrication of novel MSM disc electrodes, chosen because they have an established ambient analytical response. It includes a detailed set of electrochemical characterisation studies which demonstrate both their enhanced capability over macroelectrodes and over commercial glass pulled microelectrodes, and their ability to extract quantitative electroanalytical information from MS systems. MSM measurements are then used to demonstrate their potential for shedding new light on the fundamental properties of, and processes in, MSs, such as mass transport, charge transfer reaction rates and the selective plating/stripping and alloying reactions of liquid Bi and other metals; this is will underpin the development of enhanced MS industrial processes, including pyrochemical spent nuclear fuel reprocessing.
Original languageEnglish
JournalFaraday Discussions
Early online date11 Feb 2016
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 11 Feb 2016


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