There have been substantial advances in pituitary imaging in the last half-century. In particular, magnetic resonance imaging is now established as the imaging modality of choice, providing high quality images of the hypothalamic-pituitary axis and adjacent structures. More recent technological advances, such as the emergence of 3 Tesla MRI, are already being widely incorporated into imaging practice. However, other advanced techniques, including a variety of potential imaging biomarkers, still require further research to evaluate their potential and define their precise role. The recent development of intraoperative MRI appears promising and may have the potential to improve the outcome of pituitary surgery. Modern high quality imaging inevitably leads to the discovery of incidental lesions, including those within the pituitary gland, although it also plays a central role in their subsequent evaluation and management.
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||Best Practice and Research: Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism|
|Publication status||Published - 3 Feb 2012|
- Magnetic Resonance Imaging
- Pituitary Gland
- Journal Article