Advances in QED with intense background fields

A. Fedotov, A. Ilderton*, F. Karbstein, B. King, D. Seipt, H. Taya, G. Torgrimsson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

Upcoming and planned experiments combining increasingly intense lasers and energetic particle beams will access new regimes of nonlinear, relativistic, quantum effects. This improved experimental capability has driven substantial progress in QED in intense background fields. We review here the advances made during the last decade, with a focus on theory and phenomenology. As ever higher intensities are reached, it becomes necessary to consider processes at higher orders in both the number of scattered particles and the number of loops, and to account for non-perturbative physics (e.g. the Schwinger effect), with extreme intensities requiring resummation of the loop expansion. In addition to increased intensity, experiments will reach higher accuracy, and these improvements are being matched by developments in theory such as in approximation frameworks, the description of finite-size effects, and the range of physical phenomena analysed. Topics on which there has been substantial progress include: radiation reaction, spin and polarisation, nonlinear quantum vacuum effects and connections to other fields including physics beyond the Standard Model.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-138
Number of pages138
JournalPhysics Reports
Publication statusPublished - 13 Apr 2023

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • Background fields
  • Effective field theory
  • Heisenberg–Euler
  • Intense fields
  • Laser physics
  • Light-by-light
  • Non-perturbative effects
  • Nonlinear QED
  • QED
  • Resummation
  • Schwinger effect
  • Strong-field QED


Dive into the research topics of 'Advances in QED with intense background fields'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this