Aging of polymers of intrinsic microporosity tracked by methanol vapour permeation

Krystof Pilnacek, Ondrej Vopicka, Marek Lanc, Marcela Dendisova, Miroslav Zgazar, Peter M. Budd, Mariolino Carta, Richard Malpass-Evans, Karel Friess*, Neil McKeown

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The initially very promising transport properties of glassy high free volume polymers deteriorate rapidly over time. In this work, we focused on this aging phenomenon in two polymers of intrinsic microporosity (PIMs), namely PIM-1 and PIM-EA-TB. To identify the main mechanisms involved, we studied the time declines of permeability and diffusivity of methanol vapours in flat membranes with approximately equal thicknesses. The permeation measurements were carried out using a continuous flow permeation method with carrier gas, where the methanol vapours were held at constant activity 0.2 at 25 degrees C. Two different experimental modes were used: (i) continuous experiments that consisted of one long experiment with a duration of over 650 h for each polymer and (ii) momentary experiments that consisted of a vast number of short (ca. 6 h) consecutive measurements of transient permeation. The observed decreases of methanol permeability due to aging were more intense in the case of continuous mode for both polymers. In other words, the aging was ca. 1.3 times faster in the continuous mode in comparison with the momentary mode. Using time-aging time superposition, we successfully predicted the continuous experiments from the momentary experiments. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)895-906
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Membrane Science
Volume520
Early online date27 Aug 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Dec 2016

Keywords

  • Polymer of intrinsic microporosity
  • Aging
  • Infrared spectroscopy
  • Methanol vapour permeation
  • CASE-II DIFFUSION
  • FREE-VOLUME DISTRIBUTION
  • MIXED-MATRIX MEMBRANES
  • COMPOSITE MEMBRANES
  • GAS-PERMEABILITY
  • ORGANIC VAPORS
  • PIM-1
  • SORPTION
  • TRANSPORT
  • MODEL

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