Agricultural terraces in the Mediterranean: Medieval intensification revealed by OSL profiling and dating

Sam Turner, Tim Kinnaird, Günder Varinlioğlu, Tevfik Emre Şerifoğlu, Elif Koparal, Volkan Demirciler, Dimitris Athanasoulis, Knut Ødegård, James Crow, Mark Jackson, Jordi Bolòs, José Carlos Sánchez-Pardo, Francesco Carrer, David Sanderson, Alex Turner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The history of agricultural terraces remains poorly understood due to problems in dating their construction and use. This has hampered broader research on their significance, limiting knowledge of past agricultural practices and the long-term investment choices of rural communities. The authors apply OSL profiling and dating to the sediments associated with agricultural terraces across the Mediterranean region to date their construction and use. Results from five widely dispersed case studies reveal that although many terraces were used in the first millennium AD, the most intensive episodes of terrace-building occurred during the later Middle Ages (c. AD 1100–1600). This innovative approach provides the first large-scale evidence for both the longevity and medieval intensification of Mediterranean terraces.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)773 - 790
Number of pages18
JournalAntiquity
Volume95
Issue number381
Early online date22 Apr 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2021

Keywords

  • Mediterranean
  • landscape archaeology
  • agricultural terraces
  • OSL-PD

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Agricultural terraces in the Mediterranean: Medieval intensification revealed by OSL profiling and dating'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this