Air inlet/outlet arrangement for rotor cooling application of axial flux PM machines

A. S. Fawzal*, R. M. Cirstea, T. J. Woolmer, M. Dickison, M. Blundell, K. N. Gyftakis

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The maximum power and torque of a Permanent Magnet (PM) machine may be limited by its magnets’ temperature. An operational temperature above the magnets’ threshold may cause demagnetization, particularly under abnormal conditions. For Axial Flux Permanent Magnet (AFPM) machines, the PMs are mounted on its rotor, therefore, one way to regulate the PM temperature is via an appropriate rotor cooling method. Selective designs of air inlet and outlet arrangement have been studied by the Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) analysis to assess and compare their flow and cooling capabilities. The new cooling designs were then implemented on a Yokeless and Segmented Armature (YASA) machine for flow experimental validation. Additionally, the cooling performance after the design implementation is analysed via CFD. This paper's proposed cooling method is expected to lead to lower magnet temperatures, thus increased reliability, output power and efficiency.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1520-1529
Number of pages10
JournalApplied Thermal Engineering
Early online date24 Nov 2017
Publication statusPublished - 5 Feb 2018


  • Axial flux machine
  • CFD
  • Heat transfer
  • Permanent magnet machines
  • Rotor cooling

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