T-cell recognition of bovine MHC (BoLA) class II antigens was investigated in relation to BoLA class II polymorphisms defined by one-dimensional isoelectric focusing (ID-IEF). One-way mixed lymphocyte reactions (MLRs), and allospecific cell lines and clones were used. In general, T-cell responses correlated with the 1D-IEF defined haplotypes (EDF types). However, with MLRs some responses appeared to be associated with BoLA class I differences. All combinations of responder-stimulator pairs produced alloreactive T-cell responses both in MLR and in generation of allolines/clones. Thus allospecific lines and clones were generated to all EDF types tested. Splits in the IEF typing were observed with EDF6 and EDF3, indicating that distinct BoLA class II haplotypes are not necessarily distinguished by 1D-IEF alone. Furthermore, the patterns of reactivity with EDF3 expressing cells were complex with the T-cell specificities splitting EDF3 into several distinct types. Also, in some cases it was clear that more than one T-cell specificity per EDF type was detectable. Thus, allospecific lines and clones provide complementary and additional information to the 1D-IEF typing for polymorphism of the BoLA class II complex. This extra information is particularly important in terms of the functional significance of the BoLA complex for antigen presentation and immune response gene effects.
|Number of pages||15|
|Publication status||Published - 1992|
- MHC CLASS-II
- FRAGMENT LENGTH POLYMORPHISM