alpha V integrins are necessary for eutrophic inward remodeling of small arteries in hypertension

E H J Heerkens, L Shaw, A Ryding, G Brooker, J J Mullins, C Austin, V Ohanian, A M Heagerty

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Human essential hypertension is characterized by eutrophic remodeling of small arteries, with little evidence of hypertrophy. Likewise, vessels of young hypertensive TGR(mRen2) 27 animals have undergone similar structural alterations. The role of integrins in resistance arteries of TGR( mRen2) 27 during the eutrophic-remodeling process was examined as blood pressure rose. Initially, 8 alpha and 3 beta integrins were identified and levels of expression investigated using RT-PCR. As pressure increased and remodeling advanced, integrin expression profiles revealed that only alpha V was significantly raised. In conjunction, we confirmed elevated integrin alpha V protein levels in TGR( mRen2) 27 rat arteries and localization to the media using immunofluorescence. alpha 1 and beta 3, but not beta 5 integrin subunits were coprecipitated with integrin alpha V and are implicated in the eutrophic remodeling process. Administration of a peptide antagonist of alpha V beta 3 abolished remodeling but enhanced growth, indicating that hypertrophy supervened as a response to hypertension-induced increases in wall stress. We have established that the only upregulated integrin, the alpha V subunit of integrin alpha V beta 3, has a crucial role in the hypertensive remodeling process of TGR( mRen2) 27 rat resistance arteries. During hypertensive remodeling, functions of specific alpha V beta 3-extracellular matrix interactions are likely to allow vascular smooth muscle cell - length autoregulation, which includes a migratory process, to maintain a narrowed lumen after a prolonged constricted state.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)281-287
Number of pages7
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2006

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