Altered DNA methylation within DNMT3A, AHRR, LTA/TNF loci mediates the effect of smoking on inflammatory bowel disease

Han Zhang, Rahul Kalla, Jie Chen, Jianhui Zhao, Xuan Zhou, Alex Adams, Alexandra Noble, Nicholas T Ventham, Judith Wellens, Gwo-Tzer Ho, Malcolm G Dunlop, Jan Krzysztof Nowak, Yuan Ding, Zhanju Liu*, Jack Satsangi*, Evropi Theodoratou*, Xue Li*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

This work aims to investigate how smoking exerts effect on the development of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). A prospective cohort study and a Mendelian randomization study are first conducted to evaluate the association between smoking behaviors, smoking-related DNA methylation and the risks of Crohn’s disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC). We then perform both genome-wide methylation analysis and co-localization analysis to validate the observed associations. Compared to never smoking, current and previous smoking habits are associated with increased CD (P = 7.09 × 10−10) and UC (P < 2 × 10−16) risk, respectively. DNA methylation alteration at cg17742416 [DNMT3A] is linked to both CD (P = 7.30 × 10−8) and UC (P = 1.04 × 10−4) risk, while cg03599224 [LTA/TNF] is associated with CD risk (P = 1.91 × 10−6), and cg14647125 [AHRR] and cg23916896 [AHRR] are linked to UC risk (P = 0.001 and 0.002, respectively). Our study identifies biological mechanisms and pathways involved in the effects of smoking on the pathogenesis of IBD.
Original languageEnglish
Article number595
Number of pages14
JournalNature Communications
Volume15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 18 Jan 2024

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