Amniotic and allantoic fluids from experimentally infected sheep contain immunoglobulin specific for Chlamydophila abortus

Patricia X. Marques, James O'Donovan, Puneet Souda, Jorge Gutierrez, Erin J. Williams, Sheila Worrall, Maire McElroy, Aisling Proctor, Colm Brady, Donal Sammin, Hugh Basset, Julian P. Whitelegge, Bryan K. Markey, Jarlath E. Nally*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

Chlamydophila abortus, the aetiological agent of enzootic abortion of ewes (EAE), replicates in trophoblast cells leading to their destruction and dissemination of the bacterium to foetal organs. To further understand the pathogenesis of EAE, amniotic and allantoic fluids were collected from experimentally infected pregnant ewes at 30 (7 samples from each fluid), 35 (8 samples from each fluid), 40 (10 samples from each fluid) and 43 (6 amniotic fluids and 7 allantoic fluids) days post-infection to determine pathogen numbers and other markers of infection. Whilst experimentally infected ewes had characteristic placental lesions, only two amniotic and seven allantoic fluid samples were positive for C. abortus by real-time PCR. In contrast, all amniotic and allantoic fluids were positive for immunoglobulin. Immunoglobulins were generally detected earlier in allantoic fluid than in amniotic fluid and the numbers of samples containing immunoglobulins increased as infection progressed. IgG in amniotic and allantoic fluids was shown to be specific for C. abortus, and reacted with the major outer membrane proteins, polymorphic outer membrane protein and macrophage infectivity potentiator protein. A comparison of two-dimensional immunoblots using purified IgG from the allantoic fluid, amniotic fluid, ewe serum and foetal serum of a C. abortus infected animal at 40 days post infection indicated a pattern of reactivity intermediate between that of the ewe serum and the foetal serum. Results suggest that a maternal source of immunoglobulin is predominant at 30 days post-infection but that foetal derived antibodies may be contributed at a later stage.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages8
JournalVeterinary Immunology and Immunopathology
Volume140
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Mar 2011

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • Abortion
  • Allantoic
  • Amniotic
  • Chlamydophila
  • Ovine
  • Proteomics

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