An anatomical study to evaluate the risk of pulpar exposure during mechanical widening of equine cheek teeth diastemata and ‘bit seating’

N. Bettiol, P.M. Dixon

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Summary Reasons for performing study: Cheek teeth (CT) diastemata are a major equine dental disorder that can be treated by mechanically widening the diastemata. There is limited anatomical knowledge of the spatial relationships of the individual pulps to the adjacent interproximal surfaces; on the risks of exposing the 6th pulp horn when performing the clinically unproven ‘bit seating’ procedure on Triadan 06s. Objectives: To describe the anatomical relationships between the occlusal and interproximal surfaces of CT and the adjacent pulp horns; and between the 6th pulp horn and the occlusal and rostral surfaces of Triadan 06s. Methods: The CT from 30 skulls of horses subjected to euthanasia for non-dental reasons were sectioned to expose the rostrally and caudally situated pulp horns to allow the anatomical relationships between the pulp horns and the occlusal and interproximal aspects of the CT to be assessed. Results: Pulp horns were mean ± s.d. of 5.74 ± 1.45 (range 1.3–10.8 mm) from the nearest interproximal surface, with 5.3% of pulp horns being
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)163-169
Number of pages7
JournalEquine Veterinary Journal
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2011


  • horse equine dental anatomy cheek teeth pulpar anatomy diastema diastema widening ‘bit seating’

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