An Easter egg in the Charter of fundamental rights: The European Union and the rising right to pluralism

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

Article 11 of the European Charter of Fundamental Rights contains an ambiguous reference to the value of pluralism. Such an unusual acknowledgment in a 'bill of rights' is likely to clear the way for a judicial enforcement of a 'right to pluralism' in the near future, as the European Court of Justice and the European Court of Human Rights already show signs of an evolutionary trend in this direction. The frictions between this judicial trend and the recent EU communication policies aimed at building up a European identity and public sphere might cause conflicting rationales and aims to clash.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)357-396
JournalInternational Journal of Public Law and Policy
Volume2
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • Article 11 of the European Charter of Fundamental Rights
  • pluralism
  • free speech
  • Bill of rights
  • judicial activism
  • European Court of Human Rights

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