An experimental investigation of hydroxyl solubility in jadeite and Na-rich clinopyroxenes

GD Bromiley, H Keppler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The solubility and incorporation mechanisms of water in synthetic, water-saturated jadeite and Na-rich clinopyroxenes have been experimentally investigated. Infrared spectra for water-saturated jadeite synthesised from 2.0 to 10 GPa show two prominent sharp peaks at 3,373 and 3,613 cm(-1) together with several weaker features in the OH-stretching region, indicating that there are at least 5 distinct modes of hydrogen incorporation in the structure. Water solubility in pure jadeite reaches a maximum of about 450 ppm by weight at 2 GPa and slowly decreases with increasing pressure to about 100 ppm at 10 GPa. Solubility can be described by the function C(OH) = A f(H2O)(0.5) exp (-PDeltaV(solid/R) (T)). (where cOH) is water solubility in ppm H(2)O by weight, A is 7.144 ppm/bar(0.5) f(H2O) is water fugacity, and DeltaV(Solid) = 8.019 cm(3)/mol is the volume change of the clinopyroxene upon incorporation of OH. Jadeite provides a good model for understanding hydrogen incorporation mechanisms in more complex omphacite compositions. Assignment of absorption bands in IR spectra verifies the importance of cation vacancies on the M2 site in providing mechanisms for hydrogen incorporation. However, results also suggest that substitution of lower valency cations onto the M I site may also be important. Solid solution of jadeite with diopside and in particular, with Ca-Eskola component leads to a drastic increase of water solubility, and the bulk composition has a more important effect on the capacity of omphacite to store water than pressure and temperature, Omphacite is expected to be the major carrier of water in a subducted eclogite after the breakdown of hydrous minerals.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)189-200
Number of pages12
JournalContributions to Mineralogy and Petrology
Volume147
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2004

Keywords

  • OH-STRETCHING FREQUENCY
  • HIGH-PRESSURE
  • CRYSTAL-STRUCTURE
  • WATER SOLUBILITY
  • DEEP SUBDUCTION
  • PHASE-RELATIONS
  • MINERALS
  • HYDROGEN
  • MANTLE
  • ENSTATITE

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