An Immunohistochemical Study of the Expression of the Hypoxia Markers Glut-1 and Ca-IX in Canine Sarcomas

Erika Abbondati, J Del-Pozo, T M Hoather, F Constantino-Casas, J M Dobson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Tumor hypoxia has been associated with increased malignancy, likelihood of metastasis, and increased resistance to radiotherapy and chemotherapy in human medicine. Hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) is a key transcription factor that is induced by tumor hypoxia and regulates the pathways involved in cellular response and adaptation to the hostile tumor microenvironment. HIF-1 induces transcription of different proteins, including Ca-IX and Glut-1, which are considered endogenous markers of chronic hypoxia in solid tumors in humans. In this study, sections from 40 canine sarcomas (20 histiocytic sarcomas and 20 low-grade soft-tissue sarcomas) were immunostained for these markers. Expression of Glut-1 was scored based on percentage of positive staining cells (0 = 50%) and intensity of cellular staining (1 = weak; 2 = strong); Ca-IX was scored based on percentage of positive cells (0 = 30%). Intratumoral microvessel density was measured using CD31 to assess intratumoral neoangiogenesis. Histiocytic sarcomas showed statistically significant higher Glut-1 immunoreactivity and angiogenesis than did low-grade soft-tissue sarcomas. Intratumoral microvessel density in histiocytic sarcomas was positively associated with Glut-1 immunoreactivity score. These findings suggest a potential role of hypoxia in the biology of these tumors and may provide a base for investigation of the potential prognostic use of these markers in naturally occurring canine tumors.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1063-1069
Number of pages7
JournalVeterinary Clinical Pathology
Issue number6
Early online date29 Apr 2013
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2013

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'An Immunohistochemical Study of the Expression of the Hypoxia Markers Glut-1 and Ca-IX in Canine Sarcomas'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this