Protein expression of H, K and N-Ras was assessed in hormone sensitive and hormone refractory prostate tumour pairs from 61 patients by immunohistochemistry. Expression of H-Ras and K-Ras was not associated with any known clinical parameters. In contrast an increase in N-Ras membrane expression in the transition from hormone sensitive to hormone refractory prostate cancer was associated with shorter time to relapse (p = 0.01) and shorter disease specific survival (p = 0.008). In addition, patients with an increase in N-Ras membrane expression had lower levels of PSA at relapse (p = 0.02) and expression correlated with phosphorylated MAP kinase (p = 0.010) and proliferation index (Ki67, p = 0.02). These results suggest that in a subgroup patients N-Ras expression is associated with development of hormone refractory prostate cancer via activation of the MAP kinase cascade.
|Number of pages||9|
|Publication status||Published - 2008|