An initial comparative map of copy number variations in the goat (Capra hircus) genome

Luca Fontanesi*, Pier Luigi Martelli, Francesca Beretti, Valentina Riggio, Stefania Dall'Olio, Michela Colombo, Rita Casadio, Vincenzo Russo, Baldassare Portolano

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: The goat (Capra hircus) represents one of the most important farm animal species. It is reared in all continents with an estimated world population of about 800 million of animals. Despite its importance, studies on the goat genome are still in their infancy compared to those in other farm animal species. Comparative mapping between cattle and goat showed only a few rearrangements in agreement with the similarity of chromosome banding. We carried out a cross species cattle-goat array comparative genome hybridization (aCGH) experiment in order to identify copy number variations (CNVs) in the goat genome analysing animals of different breeds (Saanen, Camosciata delle Alpi, Girgentana, and Murciano-Granadina) using a tiling oligonucleotide array with similar to 385,000 probes designed on the bovine genome.

Results: We identified a total of 161 CNVs (an average of 17.9 CNVs per goat), with the largest number in the Saanen breed and the lowest in the Camosciata delle Alpi goat. By aggregating overlapping CNVs identified in different animals we determined CNV regions (CNVRs): on the whole, we identified 127 CNVRs covering about 11.47 Mb of the virtual goat genome referred to the bovine genome (0.435% of the latter genome). These 127 CNVRs included 86 loss and 41 gain and ranged from about 24 kb to about 1.07 Mb with a mean and median equal to 90,292 bp and 49,530 bp, respectively. To evaluate whether the identified goat CNVRs overlap with those reported in the cattle genome, we compared our results with those obtained in four independent cattle experiments. Overlapping between goat and cattle CNVRs was highly significant (P <0.0001) suggesting that several chromosome regions might contain recurrent interspecies CNVRs. Genes with environmental functions were over-represented in goat CNVRs as reported in other mammals.

Conclusions: We describe a first map of goat CNVRs. This provides information on a comparative basis with the cattle genome by identifying putative recurrent interspecies CNVs between these two ruminant species. Several goat CNVs affect genes with important biological functions. Further studies are needed to evaluate the functional relevance of these CNVs and their effects on behavior, production, and disease resistance traits in goats.

Original languageEnglish
Article number639
Number of pages15
JournalBMC Genomics
Volume11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 17 Nov 2010

Keywords

  • GENE-EXPRESSION
  • STRUCTURAL VARIATION
  • SEGMENTAL DUPLICATIONS
  • PRODUCTION TRAITS
  • FAMILY BOVIDAE
  • CANDIDATE LOCI
  • DNA-SEQUENCES
  • MOUSE STRAINS
  • ANGORA-GOATS
  • FINE-SCALE

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'An initial comparative map of copy number variations in the goat (Capra hircus) genome'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this