Abstract / Description of output
Methods: We used a dataset of 715 OCT B-scans (82 subjects, 115 eyes) from three clinical studies related to systemic disease. Ground-truth segmentations were generated using a clinically validated, semiautomatic choroid segmentation method, Gaussian Process Edge Tracing (GPET). We finetuned a U-Net with the MobileNetV3 backbone pretrained on ImageNet. Standard segmentation agreement metrics, as well as derived measures of choroidal thickness and area, were used to evaluate DeepGPET, alongside qualitative evaluation from a clinical ophthalmologist.
Results: DeepGPET achieved excellent agreement with GPET on data from three clinical studies (AUC = 0.9994, Dice = 0.9664; Pearson correlation = 0.8908 for choroidal thickness and 0.9082 for choroidal area), while reducing the mean processing time per image on a standard laptop CPU from 34.49 ± 15.09 seconds using GPET to 1.25 ± 0.10 seconds using DeepGPET. Both methods performed similarly according to a clinical ophthalmologist who qualitatively judged a subset of segmentations by GPET and DeepGPET, based on smoothness and accuracy of segmentations.
Conclusions: DeepGPET, a fully automatic, open-source algorithm for choroidal segmentation, will enable researchers to efficiently extract choroidal measurements, even for large datasets. As no manual interventions are required, DeepGPET is less subjective than semiautomatic methods and could be deployed in clinical practice without requiring a trained operator.
Translational Relevance: DeepGPET addresses the lack of open-source, fully automatic, and clinically relevant choroid segmentation algorithms, and its subsequent public release will facilitate future choroidal research in both ophthalmology and wider systemic health.
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Work Enabled by Edinburgh Clinical Research Facility