An uncertain risk: The World Health Organization's account of H1N1

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Abstract

Scientific uncertainty is fundamental to the management of contemporary global risks. In 2009, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the start of the H1N1 Influenza Pandemic. This declaration signified the risk posed by the spread of the H1N1 virus, and in turn precipitated a range of actions by global public health actors. This article analyzes the WHO's public representation of risk and examines the centrality of scientific uncertainty in the case of H1N1. It argues that the WHO's risk narrative reflected the context of scientific uncertainty in which it was working. The WHO argued that it was attempting to remain faithful to the scientific evidence, and the uncertain nature of the threat. However, as a result, the WHO's public risk narrative was neither consistent nor socially robust, leading to the eventual contestation of the WHO's position by other global public health actors, most notably the Council of Europe. This illustrates both the significance of scientific uncertainty in the investigation of risk, and the difficulty for risk managing institutions in effectively acting in the face of this uncertainty.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)511-529
Number of pages19
JournalScience in Context
Volume27
Issue number3
Early online date28 Jul 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2014

Keywords

  • World Health Organisation
  • uncertainty
  • pandemic
  • risk
  • contestation
  • sociology

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