An X-ray image of the Seyfert galaxy NGC 1068

A. S. Wilson, M. Elvis, A. Lawrence, J. Bland-Hawthorn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


An image of NGC 1068 with 4-5 arcsec obtained with the High Resolution Imager on the Rosat X-ray Observatory in the energy band 0.1-2.4 keV is presented and discussed. The map reveals an unresolved nuclear source, extended (about 1.5 kpc) emission around the nucleus, and extended (about 13 kpc) emission from the starburst disk. The extended circumnuclear emission aligns toward the NE, the same direction as found for the resolved emission of the active nucleus in several other wavebands. Thermal emission from a hot wind is argued to be the source of the steep-spectrum, nuclear, and circumnuclear emission. The disk of NGC 1068 has ratios of soft X-ray to B band and soft X-ray to 60-micron luminosities which are similar to those found for other starburst systems. The X-ray spectrum of the starburst disk is harder than that of the nuclear emission. By adopting a plausible spectrum and extrapolating the present measured flux, it is concluded that the starburst disk contributes most of the hard component seen in the 2-10 keV band.
Original languageEnglish
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 1992


  • Seyfert Galaxies
  • Spaceborne Astronomy
  • Starburst Galaxies
  • X Ray Imagery
  • Emission Spectra
  • Galactic Nuclei
  • Rosat Mission
  • Thermal Emission
  • X Ray Spectra


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