Analysing responsible innovation along a value chain-A single-cell protein case study

Monica Hoyos Flight, Joyce Tait, Theo Chronopoulos, Monica Betancor, Pauline Wischhusen, Emily Burton, Helen Masey O'Neill, Kim van der Heul, John Hays, Peter Rowe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

The British Standards Institution's Publicly Available Specification 440 (PAS 440) provides a Responsible Innovation Framework (RIF) that companies can use to continuously monitor the societal, environmental and health benefits and risks of their innovations, as well as relevant changes to the supply chain and regulations. PAS 440 is intended to help companies achieve the benefits of innovation in a timely manner and avoid any potential harm or unintended misuse of a new product, process or service. Here, the authors have applied the PAS 440 RIF to a novel single-cell protein (SCP) animal feed ingredient taking into consideration the perspectives of the value chain partners (VCPs), companies and laboratories involved in an Innovate UK research project. The authors' findings show how VCPs can use PAS440 to demonstrate that they are innovating responsibly. Using this approach to responsible innovation along the value chain-from manufacturing scale-up, through regulatory approval, to incorporation in animal feed and from there to food on supermarket shelves-can support the development of innovations that contribute to the economic and environmental sustainability of the animal feed sector. The authors conclude that the PAS 440 Guide can facilitate the progress of a new product throughout a value chain and contribute to coordinating responsible behaviour among companies involved in the value chain.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)16-29
Number of pages14
JournalEngineering Biology
Issue number1
Early online date20 Mar 2024
Publication statusPublished - 22 Mar 2024

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • Bio‐economy
  • industry
  • innovationresponsible research innovation
  • standard


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