Analysis and optimization of C3 photosynthetic carbon metabolism

Giovanni Stracquadanio*, Renato Umeton, Alessio Papini, Pietro Lio, Giuseppe Nicosia

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract / Description of output

We have studied the C3 photosynthetic carbon metabolism centering our investigation on the following four design principles. (1) Optimization of the photosynthetic rate by modifying the partitioning of resources between the different enzymes of the C3 photosynthetic carbon metabolism using a constant amount of protein-nitrogen. (2) Identify sensitive and less sensitive enzymes of the studied model. (3) Maximize photosynthetic productivity rate through the choice of robust enzyme concentrations using a new precise definition of robustness. (4) Modeling photosynthetic carbon metabolism as a multi-objective problem of two competing biological selection pressures: light-saturated photosynthetic rate versus total protein-nitrogen requirement. Using the designed single-objective optimization algorithms, PAO and A-CMA-ES, we have obtained an increase in photosynthetic productivity of the 135% from 15.486 μmol m-2s-1 to 36.382 μmol m-2s-1, and improving the previous best-found photosynthetic productivity value (27.261 μmol m -2s-1, 76% of enhancement). Optimized enzyme concentrations express a maximal local robustness (100%) and a high global robustness (97.2%), satisfactory properties for a possible "in vitro" manufacturing of the optimized pathway. Morris sensitivity analysis shows that 11 enzymes over 23 are high sensitive enzymes, i.e., the most influential enzymes of the carbon metabolism model. Finally, we have obtained the tradeoff between the maximization of the leaf CO2 uptake rate and the minimization of the total protein-nitrogen concentration. This trade-off search has been carried out for the three ciconcentrations referring to the estimate of CO2 concentration in the atmosphere characteristic of 25 million years ago, nowadays and in 2100 a.C. Remarkably, the three Pareto frontiers identify the highest photosynthetic productivity rates together with the fewest protein-nitrogen usage.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication10th IEEE International Conference on Bioinformatics and Bioengineering 2010, BIBE 2010
Pages44-51
Number of pages8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 6 Sept 2010
Event10th IEEE International Conference on Bioinformatics and Bioengineering, BIBE-2010 - Philadelphia, PA, United States
Duration: 31 May 20103 Jun 2010

Conference

Conference10th IEEE International Conference on Bioinformatics and Bioengineering, BIBE-2010
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityPhiladelphia, PA
Period31/05/103/06/10

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