Analysis of Gene Expression Signatures in Cancer-Associated Stroma from Canine Mammary Tumours Reveals Molecular Homology to Human Breast Carcinomas

Julia Ettlin, Elena Clementi, Parisa Amini, Alexandra Malbon, Enni Markkanen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Cancer-associated stroma (CAS) plays a key role in cancer initiation and progression. Spontaneously occurring canine mammary carcinomas are viewed as excellent models of human breast carcinomas. Considering the importance of CAS for human cancer, it likely plays a central role in canine tumours as well. So far, however, canine CAS lacks characterisation, and it remains unclear whether the biology between CAS from canine and human tumours is comparable. In this proof-of-principle study, using laser-capture microdissection, we isolated CAS and normal stroma from 13 formalin-fixed paraffin embedded canine simple mammary carcinomas and analysed the expression of seven known human CAS markers by RT-qPCR (Reverse Transcription quantitative PCR) and validated some targets by immunohistochemistry. We found that Col1a1 (Collagen1α1), αSMA (alpha Smooth Muscle Actin), FAP (Fibroblast activation protein), PDGFRβ (Platelet-derived growth factor receptor beta), and Caveolin-1 were significantly upregulated in canine CAS, and the expression of CXCL12 (Stromal cell derived factor 1) significantly decreased, whereas MMP2 (Matrix Metalloproteinase 1) and IL6 (Interleukin 6) did not change. Our results suggest strong similarities in CAS biology in canine and human mammary carcinomas but also reveal some differences. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report to provide a comprehensive expression analysis of the most important CAS markers in canine simple mammary carcinomas and further supports the validity of the dog as model for human cancer.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Volume18
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 May 2017

Keywords

  • Animals
  • Biomarkers, Tumor/genetics
  • Breast Neoplasms/genetics
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Dog Diseases/genetics
  • Dogs
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Laser Capture Microdissection
  • Mammary Neoplasms, Animal/genetics
  • Transcriptome
  • Tumor Microenvironment/genetics

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