Analysis of genetic variation in the bovine SLC11A1 gene, its influence on the expression of NRAMP1 and potential association with resistance to bovine tuberculosis

Angela Holder, Rachel Garty , Charlotte Elder , Paula Mesnard , Celine Laquerbe, Marie- Christine Bartens, Mazdak Salavati, Thomas Tzelos, Tim Connelley, Bernardo Villarreal-Ramos, Dirk Werling

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Bovine tuberculosis (bTB), caused by Mycobacterium bovis, is a chronic zoonotic disease where host genetic is thought to contribute to susceptibility or resistance. One of the genes implicated is the SLC11A1 gene, that encodes for the natural resistance-associated macrophage protein 1 (NRAMP1). The aim of this study was to identify SLC11A1 polymorphisms and to investigate any resulting functional differences in NRAMP1 expression that might be correlated with resistance/susceptibility to M. bovis infection. Sequencing of the SLC11A1 gene in cDNA isolated from Brown Swiss, Holstein Friesian and Sahiwal cattle identified 5 SNPs in the coding region, but only 1 of these (SNP4, c.1066C>G, rs109453173) was present in all 3 cattle breeds and therefore warranted further investigation. Additionally, variations of 10, 11 and 12 GT repeats were identified in a microsatellite (MS1) in the SLC11A1 3’UTR. Measurement of NRAMP1 expression in bovine macrophages by ELISA showed no differences between cells generated from the different breeds. Furthermore, variations in the length of the MS1 microsatellite did not impact on NRAMP1 protein expression as analysed by luciferase reporter assay. However, further analysis of the ELISA data identified that the presence of the alternative G allele at SNP4 was associated with increased expression of NRAMP1 in bovine macrophages. Since NRAMP1 has been shown to influence the survival of intracellular pathogens such as M. bovis through the sequestering of iron, it is possible that cattle expressing the alternative G allele might have an increased resistance to bTB through increased NRAMP1 expression in their macrophages.  
Original languageEnglish
JournalFrontiers in Microbiology
Early online date30 Jun 2020
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 30 Jun 2020

Keywords

  • SLC11A1
  • NRAMP1
  • bovine tuberculosis
  • genetics
  • cattle breeds

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